As the Guardian Angels had taught me, the
best time to disarm a Badguy is before he gets his weapon arm out. If a Badguy reaches his hand into his jacket, it makes sense to jam his arm and you don't need to be a martial artist to know
The Guardian Angels would pin the weapon arm, knee the Badguy in the crotch and take him down with a leg sweep. I think working Muay Thai long on the pads is an excellent compliment to this technique.
2 PICS JP AND LONG KNEES
Over time, however, I have learned that the actual position of Jacket Pin could be applied to a lot of situations. (In Outerclinch, a Jacket Pin is simply 2 hands gripping the forearm, one near the wrist, one near the elbow.) In fact, the grip of 2 hands on the forearm is used by Marcelo Garcia for competition is referred to by him as a 2-on-1, but for gi he uses a pistol grip on the cuff. PIC PIC (Notice that for Marcelo Garcia, in his no-gi 2-on-1, one hand is palm up and one hand is palm-down.)
Without including wallfighting, we have 3 variants:
1- GA Style (Guardian Angel Style): Pinning the forearm to the chest as shown above.
2- Military Style: Grabbing the forearm on a horizontal line without pinning it to the chest. PIN
3- 3:00 JP- Standing at 3:00, grabbing the Badguy's arm on a horizontal line. PIC
If you grab the inside of the forearm you are doing an inside 2-on-1, or I2D2, and we will talk about that later during the knife defense chapters. PIC
At the end of this chapter we will talk about the wallfighting variants: Chicken Wing and Armsling.
The important thing to know is that for
combat, Jacket Pin is a transitional position. Military Style and 3:00 are not positions you can hold for long and even GA Style, while strong, is not a place you can hang out when someone is
trying to stab or shoot you. (In the Guardian Angels I had somebody pinned to a car with GA Style but his partner still managed to stab me.)
The goal of Jacket Pin is to transition to something better like Cop's Russian. You can also transition to Baseball Bat and Leopardfist, but we will talk about that later. PICS
To transition from Jacket Pin to Cop's Russian, simply keep your hand on his wrist and let go of your elbow control. As you let go you pivot from where you are to 6:00 behind your Badguy and palm the bicep for Cop's Russian. PIC PIC PIC
If you can't straighten the Badguy's arm, your Cop's Russian will be a Bent Russian, a variant of the Russian Tie which we will discuss in a later chapter. PIC Jacket Pin can also be used to transition into Baseball Bat and Leopardfist, a variant of Ikkyo, which we also discuss later. PIC PIC
The advantage of transfering from Jacket Pin to Baseball Grip, is that the arm is now straight so you can easily transfer from there into a straight Cop's Russian if you don't want a Bent Russian. PIC PIC PIC PIC
Seated Variants- GA, Military, 3:00 PIC PIC PIC
It might seem odd to prepare to fight a seated Badguy, and it would be part of your Narrow Focus, but for your Wide Range it wouldn't hurt.
Jacket Pin vs Drawn Weapon PIC PIC
As I said with Baseball Grip, you don't want to hunt for any kind of armgrab against a quickly moving knife, however, sometimes these armgrabs just happen and should train your transitions from that position, vs both Sword Grip and Icepick Grip.
Missles to Jacket Pin
When I was training in Jeet Kune Do, I was taught how to use missles to close the distance against a weapon. This means that you grab anything you can get your hand coins, a tee-shirt, a rock, and you throw it at the Badguy's face. Then you rush in to grab the Badguy's weapon arm while he momentarily stops his attack to protect his face from your missle. From there, you finish with whatever disarm you know. The key is timing your rush to your throw because the Badguy will only pause for a moment. PIC PC PIC
When I was in the military, I had to use this in the real world and it worked very well with a tee-shirt against a 6 inch K-Bar knife.
Cop's Armpit and Leopardfist PIC PIC
I will explain these 2 techniques in later chapters, but they are important follow ups to Jacket pIn so you should least se what they look like. Cop's Armpit uses the seem of the armpit as a second point of control. PIC Leopardfist uses the humerus bone as a second point of control. PIC
At the end of the last chapter I addressed the problem of Stopping the Draw against a Badguy who uses a backdraw, such as reaching for a gun or knife tucked into the back of his pants. PIC
Because the Badguy's core is between you and his weapon arm, stopping the draw is going to be difficult. However, because his weapon arm is behind his back, punching the Badguy's face will be easier. PIC
When punch his face, the goal is not to knock him out but simply to slow the Badguy down long enough to get to his 6:00 before he can use his weapon. When you get to his 6:00, you might not have time to grab his wrist so you should attack a closer target, his elbow. Thus, you have half a Jacket Pin or 1/2 Jacket. PIC
1/2 Jacket is not a secure position that you can hold for long, so you want to transition into a full Jacket Pin, Cop's Russian or some other type of 2-on-1 as soon as possible. It's also possibe to transition into Kimura, Hammerlock and V-Lock from here. Those three techniques, while good, are Wide Range and not Narrow Focus. The reason is that when you intertwine your arms with a Badguy's arms you lose the option to Bail and that is not something you want to give up against a strong Badguy. If anything goes wrong with your leverage, you can lose the lock and tha Badguy can break your arm with your own lock. However, these techniques are still worth training and are part of Outerclinch's Wide Range. PIC PIC PIC PIC PIC PIC
In a perfect world, you would grab just above the Badguy's right elbow, at his low tricep, with your right arm, and follow up by grabbing his right wrist with your left hand an ending in Chicken Wing, a variant of Jacket Pin. PIC PIC PIC
However, in the chaos of combat you might screw up and grab the Badguy's right elbow with your left hand and be forced to grab his right wrist with your right hand, thus crossing your arms. You have train plenty of reps in this situation so that you can get out of it. The solution is not to switch arms because you would let go of the Badguy. The solution is to transition to Baseball Grip, put in some hits and finish with Cop's Russian, Cop's Armpit or some other 2-on-1.
Punching into 1/2 Jacket is also good for stopping a sidedraw. Against a cross-draw, you don't even need to punch.
What if you are standing at 6:00 and the Badguy draws from the front of his jacket or waistline? Now you have the same problem as stopping backdraw, his core is blocking your access to his weapon arm, in reverse.
The solution is to use 1/2 Jacket to trap his right elbow with your right hand from 6:00, then, if possible, reach from behind with your left hand to grab his right wrist wherever it may be, his jacket or his waist. As soon as you can, you want to drive and pin him into a wall to slow down his weapon draw. From there you can transition into Baseball Grip and some other 2-on-1. PIC PIC PIC PIC PIC PIC
1/2 Jacket from 9:00
So, what if you have stop a Badguy from doing a sidedraw, drawinging a weapon on the right side of his body with his right hand, while you are standing on his left side? You have the same problem of being blocked by his core.
Of course, you can open up with a punch to the side of the Badguy's head before rushing around his body to his fighting arm to slap on a quick 1/2 Jacket. Which side do run around, his front of his back? You must train both.
Another option is Empty Arm Principle, which we will discuss fully in another chapter.
Many variants of Jacket Pin as your Narrow Focus
The point to having a Narrow Focus is being able to do many reps of a few moves rather than a few reps of many moves. However, with Jacket PIn I make an exception and train all or most of it's many variants. This is because Jacket Pin, by it's nature, is a versatile move that is meant to be trained from many situations. Jacket Pin is a weak poistion and training many reps in one position won't make it any stronger. What makes a Jacket Pin work is it's various transtions. No matter how you enter Jacket Pin or how you finish Jacket Pin you are still putting reps into your Jacket Pin.
Here is a table of 23 of the most common combinations and variants. The Gooseneck wristlock for gun disarms has it's own chapter. PIC PIC PIC
Jacket Pin from 3:00
Seated Jacket Pins
Marcelo Garcia 2-on-1 (Gi and No Gi)
Missles to Jacket Pin
Jacket vs Knife (Sword Grip and Icepick Grip)
Jacket Pin to Cop's Russian
Jacket Pin to Bent Russian
Jacket PIn to Cop's Armpit
Jacket Pin to Leopardfist
Jacket Pin to Baseball Grip to Gooseneck
Jacket Pin to Russian Tie
1/2 Jacket vs Backdraw
1/2 Jacket vs Sidedraw
1/2 Jacket vs Crossdraw
1/2 Jacket to Kimura
1/2 Jacket to Hammerlock
1/2 Jacket to V-Lock
Jacket Pin to Leopardfist
Jacket Pin to Baseball Grip